The Hip

Teres Minor

  – See Rotator cuff: – anatomy:     – origin: middle half of the lateral scapular border;     – insertion: inferior aspect of greater tuberosity of the humerus, capsule of shoulder joint; – action:     – lateral rotation of humerus at the shoulder (responsible for 45% of power of external rotation);   … Read more

Tension Band for Patella Frx

      – Discussion:     – theory of tension band wiring:     – modified anterior tension band technique is indicated for both transverse and comminuted fractures of the patella;     – for maximal strength, wires are placed on tension surface of bone (anterior surface), as compared to circumferential cerclage wiring;   … Read more

Teres Major

  – See: Abductors of the Shoulder : Origin: dorsal surface of inferior angle of the scapula on the lower 1/3 of scapular axillary border; Insertion: medial lip of bicipital groove of humerus; medial to latissimus dorsi  tendon; Action: adducts and medially rotates humerus at the shoulder; extends the shoulder joint; Reversed origin insertion action: … Read more

T Plates

    – Discussion:     – T plates are designed to be used as a butress plates, esp for lateral or medial tibial plateau frx;            – they are also applied in volar Barton’s frx and proximal humerus fractures;     – butress compression:            – … Read more

Surgical Treatment of Proximal Humeral Fracture

  – See: Anterior Approach to Shoulder and Synthes Proximal Humerus Products – Operative Treatment Options:      – Lateral Plating (Locking Plating):      – Percutaneous Pinning      – Screw Tension Band Technique:           – reduction:                   – in some cases cancellous bone from the … Read more


     – Discussion:      – origin:            – lateral epicondyle of humerus, radial collateral ligament of elbow, annular ligaments of radius and the supinator crest of ulna;     – insertion:            – oblique line on the lateral anterior surface of the upper 1/3 of radius;   … Read more

Superomedial Portal

– Discusison:     – traditionally used for the inflow cannula;     – note that with modern pump equipment, the inflow canula is generally no necessary; – technique:     – place this cannula under direct visualization so that the cannula will not be placed under a plicae or into a thick wad of … Read more