The Hip

Tumors of Hand and Distal radius

– Adamantinoma – Basal Cell Carcinoma: – Calcinosis – Chondrosarcoma: – the most common bony malignancy in the hand; – CMC Boss: bony growth at bases of second and third metacarpals; – special radiographs can demonstrate the osteophytes, which may be resected if symptoms warrent; – associated with ganglia at least 30% of the time, … Read more

Tunnel of Guyon

– Discussion: – Guyon (French Urologist) described this space in 1861; – Guyon’s canal is approximately 4 cm long beginning at the proximal extent of transverse carpal ligament and ends at the aponeurotic arch of hypothenar muscles; – depression between pisiform & hook of hamate is converted into fibrosseous tunnel, the tunnel of Guyon, by pisohamate … Read more

Wrist Menu

(see also: Hand Menu; Physical Exam; Radiographs) – Arthroscopy – Arthrography – Aspiration – Arthrodesis – Capitate – Carpal Instability – Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – CarpoMetaCarpal Fracture – CMC Arthritis – CMC Instability in the Thumb – CMC Instability in the Metacarpals – Darrach’s Procedure – DeQuervain’s Disease – Distal Radial Fractures – Dorsal Intercalated … Read more

Type III Radial Head Fracture

– Discussion: – comminuted fractures of the entire head; – classification: – type A: – fracture of the entire radial neck, with the head completely displaced from the shaft; – type B: – articular fracture involving the entire head, which consists of more than two large fragments; – each fragment is completely displaced from the … Read more

Zero Rotation Views

– Discussion:      – used to show ulnar variance;      – technique:            – shoulder is abducted 90 deg, the elbow flexed 90 deg, and forearm is held in neutral rotation;      – AP View:             – patient places the forearm flat on … Read more

X-ray Findings in SLD

          – See:       – PA View       – AP View        – Radiology of Hand & Wrist        – Radiology of Scaphoid Fracture – Discussion:    – clenched fist AP – ulnar deviation view (see: AP view:)         – proper technique: for visualizing … Read more

Wrist Arthroscopy

– Positioning and Preparation: – joint is distended w/ finger traps (to index and long fingers) w/ about 10 lbs, using a pulley system; – counter traction is applied to the arm w/ use of a second 10 lb pulley – this allows the elbow to be flexed 90 deg; – gravity assistant inflow; – initially … Read more

Wrist Disarticulation

– Discussion:     – wrist disarticulation: include the removal of the radius and ulna to styloid processes;     – shape of stump remains bulbous, thus permitting prosthetic attachment, leaving the elbow free and preserving full pronation & supination;     – wrist disarticulation retains distal radio-ulnar joint preserves more forearm rotation, & retaining distal radial flare dramatically … Read more

Wrist Joint Aspiration & Arthroscopy

– Discussion:       – joint is entered dorsally;       – if there is any difficulty in entering Wrist Joint, hand can be suspended in Chinese finger traps to help open the joint space;       – there are 2 main entry sites, 3-4 & 4-5 sites;         … Read more