Ortho Oracle - orthopaedic operative atlas

TKR: Valgus Deformity

– See: – TKR Menu: – Collateral ligaments: – Medial Collateral Ligament – Lateral Collateral Ligament – Discussion: – more common in females; – in valgus knee, ligament balancing is more difficult to fix; – the anatomic deformity is usually larger in valgus than in varus, and it is on the femoral side; – femur … Read more

Tumors of Hand and Distal radius

– Adamantinoma – Basal Cell Carcinoma: – Calcinosis – Chondrosarcoma: – the most common bony malignancy in the hand; – CMC Boss: bony growth at bases of second and third metacarpals; – special radiographs can demonstrate the osteophytes, which may be resected if symptoms warrent; – associated with ganglia at least 30% of the time, … Read more

Type II Pilon Frx

– Discussion:     – comprises articular frx w/ articular incongruity but minimal comminution;     – frx extend into the joint distally from a spiral frx of distal tibia     – ankle mortise must be evaluated carefully to determine if fibular frx in question is part of joint injury or merely                 frx assoc … Read more

TKR – Posterior Cruciate Ligament Retaining Prosthesis

– See: – TKR Menu – Joint Line Position: – Posterior Stabilized Prosthesis: – Function of Posterior Cruciate Ligament: (see PCL) – as the knee flexes, eccentric postion of the PCL femoral orgin prodecues a tensile force in the ligament; – because of nonconforming low friction articlation, this tensile force is converted into a translatory … Read more

X rays: for Tibial Frx

– comminution:     – more than 50% cortical comminution is considered significant and increases chance of non union; – displacement:     – > 50% frx displacement will significantly increase risk of non-union, due to instability of frx and predisposition for future displacement (if treated closed); – accetable reduction:     – > 10 deg … Read more

Wound Vac

– Discussion:       – KCI Vacuum Assisted Closure Device: (Company Web Site) and V.A.C.® Therapy Indications and Safety Information      – Soft Tissue Coverage (Austere Environment) – Flaps and Vacuum-Assisted Closure (VAC)       – technique:             – debride all devitalized tissue and contaminated material;             – sterile reticulated … Read more