The Hip - book

Abductor Hallucis

(see also: Plantar Muscles of the Foot) Origin medial process of the calcaneus, flexor retinaculum, plantar aponeurosis and intermuscular septum. Insertion joins with the medial tendon of the flexor hallucis brevis into the plantar half of the medial side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the great toe. Action Abducts the great toe … Read more

Abductor Digiti Minimi Brevis

(see also: Plantar Muscles of the Foot, Innerv. Musc. Lower Limb) Origin: the lateral process of the tuberosity of calcaneus. Insertion: lateral side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the 5th toe. Action: Spreads the 5th toe away from the 4th toe. Nerve Supply: lateral plantar nerve, S1, S2

Multiple Myeloma

(see also: Bone Tumor Menu) Discussion myeloma is malignant tumor of plasma cells arising from a single clone; multiple myeloma accounts for > 40% of primary malignant tumors of bone. it is most common malignant primary tumor of bone may arise as single intraosseous tumor but more often it develops as multiple painful lesions throughout … Read more

Septic Arthritis

Discussion » orthopaedic infection menu general orders and treatment differential diagnosis » (also consider Brucella melitensis, Borrelia burgdorferi and Treponema pallidum) Painful knee–an unusual cause secondary to pseudomonas septic arthritis of the hip. Septic until proven otherwise: approach to and treatment of the septic joint in adult patients. Indicators for detection of septic arthritis in … Read more

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Discussion ARA criteria for RA pathogenesis differential diagnosis: spondyloarthropathies & related chronic seroneg arthritides; systemic lupus erythematosus; scleroderma; dermatomyositis; juvenile rheumatoid arthritis Clinical Aspects » Laboratory Aspects » Radiographic Aspects » Treatment of RA Medical Management of RA » Surgical Treatment cervical spine hand wrist elbow and shoulder: frequently there is concomitant shoulder and elbow … Read more

Lumbar Spine Online Textbook

Editor: Scott D. Boden, MD A truly global perspective on the lumbar spine with contributions from over 200 international experts. The International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine and Data Trace Internet Publishing, LLC are pleased to present the Lumbar Spine Online Textbook. This work is being hosted on the world renowned Wheeless’ … Read more

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Discussion JRA is a persistent non infectious arthritis lasting more than 6 wks to 3 months after other possible etiologies have bee ruled out; most common chronic childhood rheumatoid dz; affects girls more than boys; synovial proliferation leads to joint destruction (chondrolysis) & soft tissue destruction; severe joint destruction is seen in only 5% of … Read more

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS)

(see also: Spondyloarthropathies) Discussion affects young men (ages 15 to 25 years), but may also begin in middle-aged men; disease is often more severe when it occurs early in life; disease characterized by insidious onset of pain and stiffness in lower back associated w/ gradual loss of spinal mobility; illness may cause inflammation in uveal tract … Read more

The Contributors of the Lumbar Spine Online Textbook

(*Authors and affiliations will continue to be added as new chapters are posted.) Emre Acaroglu, MD Orthopaedic Spine Department Ankara Spine Center Ankara, Turkey Afua Adjei-Kwayisi MD, DC Ridge Regional Hospital Accra, Ghana Tamir Ailon, MD, MPH, FRCSC Vancouver Spine Surgery Institute Vancouver, Canada Christoph E. Albers, MD Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Inselspital, University Hospital … Read more