The Hip - book

Work Up for Pelvic Fracture

– Trauma Management:     – damage control resusitation             – ref:  Damage-Control Orthopedics Versus Early Total Care in the Treatment of Borderline High-Energy Pelvic Fractures     – fluid management             – hypotension is associated with an increased risk of mortality, ARDS, and multiple organ failure;             – IV access is secured with at least … Read more

Work Up of the Painful Total Knee Arthroplasty

– See: TKR Menu: (Function and Activity after TKR) – Natural History of Painful TKR:     – references:               – Pain and Depression Influence Outcome 5 Years after Knee Replacement Surgery.               – Impact of Psychological Distress on Pain and Function Following Knee Arthroplasty – Potential Causes of TKR failure:     – early failures:     … Read more

Workup for Femoral Shaft Fracture

– Trauma Workup – assessment of perfusion: damage control orthopaedics – timing of surgery in orthopaedic patients with brain injury – surgical timing and prevention of pulmonary complications in patients with femur frx – PreOp Planning for IM Nailing: (IM Nailing Technique) – Fracture Classification – Open Femur Frx – Comminuted Frx – Proximal Frx – … Read more

Work Up and Treatment of Acetabular Frx

– See: Trauma Menu – Discussion:     – note that with acetabular fracture associated with major trauma that there will be 50% chance of            at least one other major injury;            – neuro and head injury (see Glasgow)            – abdominal and chest injury (pulmonary … Read more

Wheeless’ Textbook of Orthopaedics – Journal Watch

Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery Long-Term Results of Treatment of Fractures of the Medial Humeral Epicondyle in Children Operative Treatment of Interdigital Neuroma. A Long-Term Follow-up Study The Effects of Tibial Rotation on Posterior Translation in Knees in Which the Posterior Cruciate Ligament Has Been Cut Patellar Resurfacing in Total Knee Arthroplasty. A Prospective, … Read more

Warfarin induces Skin Necrosis

– microvascular thrombotic process which results in skin necrosis;  – occurs in patients with partial deficiency of protein C within the 1st 1-2 days of warfarin therapy

Visoelastic Materials

– Discussion:     – exhibit stress / strain behavior that is time-rate dependent, and varies w/ the material, that is a function of the material’s internal friction;     – visoelastic materials are stiffer and stronger at high strain rates than at low strain rates;            – for example in bone-ligament … Read more

Vit D: Discussion

– Discussion:     – see: abnormalities associated with vitamin D.     – primary function of vitamin D is to maintain skeletal calcium homeostasis;           – promotes gut absorption of calcium (and absorption of phosphorous);           – promotes bone absorption;           – important for … Read more