Section 17, Chapter 5: Surgical Treatment of Fractures – Anterior Treatment and Reconstruction

Section 17, Chapter 5: Surgical Treatment of Fractures – Anterior Treatment and Reconstruction

Section 17, Chapter 5: Surgical Treatment of Fractures – Anterior Treatment and Reconstructio Timo Stubig, Michael Grevitt, Christian W. Mueller INTRODUCTION Thoracic and thoracolumbar injuries with significant vertebral comminution and/or ligamentous instability may result in mechanical instability or compression of neural elements. The optimal therapy for thoracolumbar and lumbar spine fractures is not clear. Although…

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Section 8, Chapter 1: Rheumatoid Arthritis

Section 8, Chapter 1: Rheumatoid Arthritis

Section 8, Chapter 1: Rheumatoid Arthritis Tamir Ailon, MD, MPH INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory arthropathy that affects multiple joints in the extremities and axial skeleton. It is characterized by joint destruction which is thought to arise from autoimmune-mediated inflammation. Attenuation of ligamentous support structures around affected joints may lead to instability. RA…

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Section 6, Chapter 2: Establishing Low Cost – High Quality Spine Care in India: The Ganga Hospital Model

Section 6, Chapter 2: Establishing Low Cost – High Quality Spine Care in India: The Ganga Hospital Model

Section 6, Chapter 2: Establishing Low Cost – High Quality Spine Care in India: The Ganga Hospital Model Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran Ganga Hospital is located in the city of Coimbatore, South India. This mid-sized city, by Indian standards, has a population of 3.5 million, and the hospital also caters to patients from a rural population of…

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Section 10, Chapter 3: Self-management of Low Back Pain

Section 10, Chapter 3: Self-management of Low Back Pain

Section 10, Chapter 3: Self-management of Low Back Pain Gill Dickson and Suzanne M. McDonough INTRODUCTION Low back pain is a global problem that is highly prevalent in the general population, frequently episodic and persistent. Many will resolve their spinal pain with simple measures, including simple analgesia, therapy and exercise advice. However, the major part…

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Section 10, Chapter 4: Lifestyle Products and Devices for Lower Back Pain

Section 10, Chapter 4: Lifestyle Products and Devices for Lower Back Pain

Section 10, Chapter 4: Lifestyle Products and Devices for Lower Back Pain Louise Hailey and Jennifer Bridle INTRODUCTION Lifestyle Products, Devices and Supports for Low Back Pain Although we know that for the majority people with low back pain, symptoms will improve rapidly. However, at a year, a third of the people still report persistent…

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Section 11, Chapter 14: Surgery Principles: Decompression for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Based on a Concept with Biomechanically Proven Minimally Invasive Procedure

Section 11, Chapter 14: Surgery Principles: Decompression for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Based on a Concept with Biomechanically Proven Minimally Invasive Procedure

Section 11, Chapter 14: Surgery Principles: Decompression for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Based on a Concept with Biomechanically Proven Minimally Invasive Procedure Kazuhiro Hasegawa and Kei Watanabe INTRODUCTION Posterior decompression surgery is the first choice of treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) if conservative treatment fails. The goal of decompression is to relieve pressure on the…

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Section 6, Chapter 1: World Spine Care: A Charity Providing Spine Care in Botswana, Dominican Republic, India and Ghana

Section 6, Chapter 1: World Spine Care: A Charity Providing Spine Care in Botswana, Dominican Republic, India and Ghana

Section 6, Chapter 1: World Spine Care: A Charity Providing Spine Care in Botswana, Dominican Republic, India and Ghana Scott Haldeman, Geoff Outerbridge, Stefan Eberspaecher, O’Dane Brady, Deborah Kopansky-Giles, Margareta Nordin, Eric L. Hurwitz, Afua Adjei-Kwayisi, and Rajani Mullerpatan Introduction World Spine Care (WSC) is a non-profit charity registered in the United States of America, Canada and United Kingdom. It was founded in 2009 out of a…

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Section 12, Chapter 5: Motion Preservation for Lumbar Disc Degeneration

Section 12, Chapter 5: Motion Preservation for Lumbar Disc Degeneration

Section 12, Chapter 5: Motion Preservation for Lumbar Disc Degeneration Prasanna K. Venkatesh, Catherine Moran, and Ciaran Bolger INTRODUCTION Low back pain is one of the most prevalent problems in industrialized countries, affecting nearly 80% of adults at some time in their lives.1 A variety of pathologies cause low back pain, most common among them…

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Section 12, Chapter 3: Pain Management Procedures

Section 12, Chapter 3: Pain Management Procedures

Section 12, Chapter 3: Pain Management Procedures Naresh Kumar, Shashidhar B. Kantharajanna, and Hee-Kit Wong FACET JOINT DENERVATION The facet joints, also known as apophyseal or zygapophyseal joints, are formed by the superior and inferior articular processes of two contiguous vertebrae. The nerves that innervate these joints can get inflamed or impinged leading to pain…

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Section 2. Chapter 10: Function and Dysfunction of the Facet Joint

Section 2. Chapter 10: Function and Dysfunction of the Facet Joint

Section 2, Chapter 10: Function and Dysfunction of the Facet Joint Nozomu Inoue, Alejandro A. Espinoza Orías, Kazuyuki Segami, and Howard S. An INTRODUCTION Facet joints, also known as zygapophysial or apophyseal joints, are true synovial joints that can undergo degenerative changes in a similar fashion to other synovial joints. The unique morphology of the…

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