- Lateral Compartment
- Deep Posterior Compartment
- Superficial Posterior Compartment
- Compartment Syndrome:
- anterior compartment of the leg contains tibialis anterior, EDL, EHL, and Peroneus Tertius muscles;
- compartment is primarily responsible for dorsiflexion of foot & ankle.
- loss of dorsiflexion may be due to either neurologic damage or loss of
functional integrity of the motor tendon unit itself;
- anterior tibial artery & deep peroneal nerve run deeply just anterior to the interosseous membrane;
- they may be identified in interval between tibialis anterior & EHL;
- these muscles are enclosed in a relatively unyielding compartment which makes the anterior compartment at risk for compartment syndrome;
- near the ankle, tendons of tibialis anterior & EHL & EDL are close to tibia & may be injured by open frx or by callus formation during frx healing;
- Anterior Tibial Compartment Syndrome:
- complication of open / closed frx;
- also w/ prolonged excersise and hemorrhage;
- prolonged ischemia may cause muscle ischemia and myonecrosis;
- deep Peroneal Nerve may be damage by increased pressure or by decreased blood supply to the nerve
Chronic anterior-compartment syndrome of the leg. Results of treatment by fasciotomy.
Management of chronic exertional anterior compartment syndrome of the lower extremity.