- largest branch of the posterior tibial artery is peroneal artery arising high in leg and coursing downward in posterior compartment lateral
to and deeper than the posterior tibial artery;
- lies in the deep posterior compartment, just medial to fibula, just posterior to tibialis posterior, and just anterior to the FHL;
- sends numerous branches to adjacent muscles;
- sends branches through the interosseous membrane to muscles in the anterior compartment & nutrient artery to fibula;
- lateral compartment of leg has no artery proper to it;
- after sending off an anterior perforating artery peroneal artery ends as lateral calcaneal artery
Peroneal artery bypass: a reappraisal of its value in limb salvage.
Peroneal island flap for skin defects in the lower extremity.
Preferential Use of the Posterior Approach to Blood Vessels of the Lower Leg in Microvascular Surgery.