- Clavicular Frx in Children / Congential Pseudoarthrosis of Clavicle
- AC joint / Sternoclavicular Joint Injury / Scapula Fracture
- Discussion and Classification
- Exam Findings:
- brachial plexus
- ref: Injury to the brachial plexus by a fragment of bone after fracture of the clavicle
- Serendipity View
- best visualized sitting up w/ AP view & view w/ beam angled 30 deg. cephalad;
- w/ frx of clavicle, distal fragment & arm tend to sag, while proximal fragment, held by SC joint tends to point upward;
- in any clavicular frx, carefully scutinize x-rays for presence of scapular frx, which represents a floating shoulder;
- Upright versus supine radiographs of clavicle fractures: does positioning matter?
- Non Operative Treatment:
- it is difficult to reduce and maintain the reduction of clavicle fractures;
- despite deformity, healing usually proceeds rapidly;
- union usually occurs rapidly & produces prominent callus;
- w/ midshaft fractures, there will also be some degree of malunion;
- in these patients be attentive to medial cord nerve symptoms (more often ulnar nerve);
- distal clavicle fractures may have a high incidence of non union but most of these are asymptomatic, and of these only a
small number will be severe enough to require surgery;
- Treatment of clavicular fractures. Figure-of-eight bandage versus a simple sling.
- Recovery following fractures of the clavicle treated conservatively.
- Primary Nonoperative Treatment of Displaced Lateral Fractures of the Clavicle.
- Closed treatment of displaced middle-third fractures of the clavicle gives poor results.
- Estimating the Risk of Nonunion Following Nonoperative Treatment of a Clavicular Fracture.
- Deficits Following Nonoperative Treatment of Displaced Midshaft Clavicular Fractures.
- Shortening of clavicle after fracture. Incidence and clinical significance, a 5-year follow-up of 85 patients.
- Operative Versus Nonoperative Treatment of Midshaft Clavicle Fractures in Adolescents
- Pediatric refracture rates after angulated and completely displaced clavicle shaft fractures.
Osteolysis of the distal part of the clavicle in male athletes.
Condensing osteitis of the clavicle. A review of the literature and report of three cases.
Atlanto-axial rotatory fixation and fracture of the clavicle. An association and a classification.