- distal epiphysis includes entire articular surface of distal end of femur & serves as origin of part of gastrocnemius muscle;
- epiphyseal center of distal aspect of femur is present at birth in newborns, & it expands rapidly to fill both condylar regions.
- collateral ligaments originate from distal femoral epiphysis & insert on proximal tibial epiphysis, w/ exception of superficial portion of MCL
, which inserts on tibial metaphysis distal to physis.
- distal femoral physis is largest & fastest growing physis in the body.
- it contributes to approx:
- 70 % length of femur
- 37 % of length of entire limb
- 0.375 inch (1.0 cm) of growth / yr
- it fuses w/ metaphysis between ages of 14 & 16 yrs in girls & between ages of 16 & 18 yrs in boys.
Original Text by Clifford R. Wheeless, III, MD.