Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/var/lib/php/session/sess_4ls97idam7b7grvbg2tnvhjm71, O_RDWR) failed: No space left on device (28) in /var/www/vhosts/wheelessonline.com/httpdocs/wheeless.inc on line 28
Anatomy of Distal Femoral Physis - Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics
The Knee: Reconstruction, Replacement  and Revision Tracking Pixel
Duke Orthopaedics
presents
Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics

Anatomy of Distal Femoral Physis   


 
- Discussion:
    - distal epiphysis includes entire articular surface of distal end of femur & serves as origin of part of gastrocnemius muscle;
    - epiphyseal center of distal aspect of femur is present at birth in newborns, & it expands rapidly to fill both condylar regions.
    - collateral ligaments originate from distal femoral epiphysis & insert on proximal tibial epiphysis, w/ exception of superficial portion of MCL, which inserts on tibial metaphysis distal to physis.
    - distal femoral physis is largest & fastest growing physis in the body.
    - it contributes to approx:
           - 70 % length of femur
           - 37 % of length of entire limb
           - 0.375 inch (1.0 cm) of growth / yr
    - it fuses w/ metaphysis between ages of 14 & 16 yrs in girls & between ages of 16 & 18 yrs in boys.



Original Text by Clifford R. Wheeless, III, MD.

Last updated by Data Trace Staff on Thursday, September 13, 2012 3:46 pm