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Tibial Fracture References

Current Concepts Review. Treatment of Unstable Fractures of the Shaft of the Tibia.

Current Concepts Review.  Timing of Operative Treatment of Fractures in Patients Who Have Multiple Injuries.

Pelvic and Lower Extremity Trauma--Symposium: Intramedullary Devices for Tibial Fracture Stabilization.

The use of a tourniquet when plating tibial fractures.

Conservative management or closed nailing for tibial shaft fractures. A randomised prospective trial.

Open fractures of the tibia in children.

Pretibial lacerations: a comparison of primary excision and grafting with "defatting" the flap.

Injuries of the knee associated with fractures of the tibial shaft. Detection by examination under anesthesia: a prospective study.

Compartment syndrome after intramedullary nailing of the tibia.

Management of open tibial fractures

Strength of union in human tibial shaft fracture. A prospective study of 104 cases.

Studies of tibial subchondral bone density and its significance.

A comparison of conventional radiography and computed tomography in the evaluation of spiral fractures of the tibia.

A relationship between gait and clinical changes following high tibial osteotomy.

Results of operative treatment of displaced external rotation-abduction fractures of the ankle.

Classification, diagnosis, and treatment of transitional fractures of the distal part of the tibia.

Medial tibial pain. A prospective study of its cause among military recruits.

Compartment syndrome in open tibial fractures.

Treatment of failures after plating of tibial fractures.

Spontaneous improvement of post-traumatic tibia valga.

Tibial condylar fractures. A twenty-year follow-up.

Severe open tibial fractures. Results treating 202 injuries with external fixation.

Classification of type III (severe) open fractures relative to treatment and results.

Severe open fractures of the tibia

Severe open tibial fractures: a study protocol.

Anterior approach to the knee with osteotomy of the tibial tubercle for bicondylar tibial fractures.

Long-term follow-up after fractures of the tibial and fibular shafts.

Vascularized fibular grafts in the treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia.

Multistaged surgical management of posttraumatic segmental tibial bone loss.

An evaluation of the bending stiffness of various tibial fixation methods.

Postoperative course of patients treated with iliac osteocutaneous free flaps. A two- to five-year follow-up study.

Closed unstable fractures of the tibia.

Reconstruction of large diaphyseal defects, without free fibular transfer, in Grade-IIIB tibial fractures.

Early prophylactic bone grafting of high-energy tibial fractures.

Distal metaphyseal tibial nonunion. Deformity and bone loss treated by open reduction, internal fixation, and human bone morphogenetic protein (hBMP).

Prefabricated functional braces for the treatment of fractures of the tibial diaphysis.

Ipsilateral fractures of the femur and tibia. A report of fifty-seven consecutive cases.

Partial fibulectomy for ununited fractures of the tibia.

Problems associated with tibial fractures with intact fibulae.

Fractures of the tibial tuberosity in adolescents.

Plate fixation versus conservative treatment of tibial shaft fractures. A randomized trial.

Cavus deformity of the foot after fracture of the tibial shaft.

Early prophylactic bone grafting of high-energy tibial fractures.

Use of an intramedullary rod for the treatment of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia.

Intramedullary fixation for congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia.

Spiral fractures of the shaft of the tibia. Initial displacement and stability of reduction.

Proximal osteotomy of the tibia for the treatment of genu recurvatum in adults.

The treatment of nonunion of proximal tibial osteotomy with internal fixation.

Ilizarov treatment of tibial nonunions with bone loss.

Tibial fractures. The Ilizarov alternative.

The segmental tibial fracture.

Infection after intramedullary nailing of the tibia. Incidence and protocol for management.

Fractures of the distal tibial metaphysis with intra-articular extension--the distal tibial explosion fracture.

Ipsilateral fracture of the femur and tibia.

Critical analysis of results of treatment of 201 tibial shaft fractures.

Open fractures of the tibia in children.

Severe open tibial fractures. Results treating 202 injuries with external fixation.

Plates versus external fixation in severe open tibial shaft fractures. A randomized trial.

The role of supplemental lag-screw fixation for open fractures of the tibial shaft treated with external fixation.

Continued growth of the proximal part of the tibia after prosthetic reconstruction of the skeletally immature knee. Estimation of the minimum growth force in vivo in humans.

External fixation of the tibia. Basic concepts and prospective evaluation.

Basic concepts and applications in open tibial fractures.

Classification of fractures of the tibial condyles.

Muscle transposition in lesions of the ischemic leg.

Management of ulcers of the leg by muscle transposition.

Transposition of the tendo calcaneus for post-traumatic bone defects of the tibia.

The management of open tibial fractures with associated soft-tissue loss: external pin fixation with early flap coverage.

Primary versus delayed soft tissue coverage for severe open tibial fractures. A comparison of results.

Tibial fracture stability. Analysis of external fracture immobilization in anatomic specimens in casts and braces.

Control of motion of tibial fractures with use of a functional brace or an external fixator. A study of cadavera with use of a magnetic motion sensor.

Squamous cell carcinoma complicating tibial osteomyelitis treated with local wide excision and staged microvascular reconstruction.

Late results of free-muscle flaps and delayed bone grafting in the secondary treatment of open distal tibial fractures.

Distally-based random fasciocutaneous flaps for multi-staged reconstruction of defects in the lower third of the leg, ankle and heel.

Distally-based random fasciocutaneous flaps for one-stage reconstruction of defects in the upper two-thirds of the leg.

Distal lower leg local random fasciocutaneous flaps.

Local fasciocutaneous flaps for cutaneous coverage of lower extremity wounds.

Treatment of complex tibial shaft fractures. Arguments for early secondary intramedullary nailing. 

Plating of the fibula. Its potential value as an adjunct to external fixation of the tibia.