- Chance Frx:
- Fracture Dislocation:
- flexion distraction injuries may occur thru bone or soft tissue, and they may involve one or several levels;
- flexion distraction injuries occur secondary to distractive disruption of posterior & middle columns w/ compression failure of
- Chance Frx:
- anterior, middle, and posterior columns all fail in tension;
- mechanism of injury:
- associated injuries:
- most common injuries in lap belt restrained passengers are bowel trauma and lumbar spine frxs;
- crushing of the bowel between the lap seat belt and spinal column results in devascularization or acute bowel rupture;
- The epidemiology of seatbelt-associated injuries.
- increased interspinous process distance on AP view;
- lateral view:
- increased posterior height of vertebral body is seen on lateral film;
- split spinous process is seen, esp on lateral tomograms;
- often these are misdiagnosed as a compression frx;
- the occurance of a traumatic compression fracture in a young patient (following MVA) should raise the possibility of a Chance fracture;
- either good quality AP view is necessary to rule out posterior element injury, or a CT scan is required (if the AP view remains
- CT is not of help in many distraction type of injuries because plane of injury is in the plane of the CT scan;
- CT cuts tend to be a few milimeters above or below injury;
- Non Operative Treatment:
- if injury goes through vertebral body rather than disc space, interdigitation of cancellous bone gives a great deal of immediate stability &
- when these injuries occur entirely thru bone, treatment is in a hyperextension cast;
- if there is crushing of bone frx can settle into kyphosis because of associated disruption of posterior interspinous ligaments;
- Operative Treatment:
- when posterior and middle columns fail by ligamentous disruption, posterior spinal fusion with a compression system is advocated;
- however, it is important to determine whether the middle column is capable of load bearing;
- if this is not the case, use of compression system could lead to retropulsion of bone or disk fragments into the canal
Anterolateral compression fracture of the thoracolumbar spine. A seat belt injury.
Seat-belt injuries of the spine in young children.
Pediatric Chance fractures: association with intra-abdominal injuries and seatbelt use.
Patterns and mechanisms of lumbar injuries associated with lapseat belts.
The diagnosis and treatment of pediatric lumbar spine injuries caused by rear seat lap belts.