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Fracture Blisters

- Discussion:
    - refers to the blisters which from swollen skin overlying fractures;
    - most commonly arise over tibia, ankle, and elbow;
    - when fracture blisters are present at the time of surgery, wound complications will develop in the majority of patients;
    - when fracture blisters develop following surgery, wound complications are infrequent;
    - when possible fracture blisters should be left intact since the transudate remains sterile (once ruptured the blisters are contaminated w/ skin flora);
    - once ruptured, the blister roof should be left intact;
    - re-epithelialization may take upto 3 weeks

Fracture Blisters: Clinical and Pathological Aspects

Treatment of fracture blisters: a prospective study of 53 cases.

The management of soft-tissue problems associated with calcaneal fractures.

Intermittent pneumatic pedal compression and edema resolution after acute ankle fracture: a prospective, randomized study.

Fastest reduction of posttraumatic edema: continuous cryotherapy or intermittent impulse compression?

Blisters associated with lower-extremity fracture: results of a prospective treatment protocol.