- Cervical Kyphosis
- Congenital Kyphosis:
- Congenital Scoliosis:
- Scheuermann's Kyphosis
- Post Traumatic Kyphosis
- Post Traumatic Kyphosis:
- kyphosis following burst fractures;
- is especially common following thoracolumbar burst frx;
- kyphosis from osteoporotic compression frx
- treated non operatively;
- surgical attempts at stabilization and correction deformities are marked by a high complication rate;
- Non Traumatic Adult Kyphosis:
- may result from Scheurmann's disease, congenital kyphosis or AS, or as result of metabolic bone dz;
- may be source of back pain in the adult, esp when present in thoracolumbar or lumbar spine;
- w/ failure of nonoperative management, posterior instrumentation & fusion of entire kyphoitic segment be indicated;
- anterior fusion should be included in the procedure in curves not correcting to 55 deg or less on hyperextension lateral x-ray
Aortography in children with myelomeningocele and lumbar kyphosis.
Anterior stabilization, instrumentation, and decompression for post-traumatic kyphosis.
Vascularised rib grafts for stabilisation of kyphosis.