Shoulder Arthroscopy: Anterior Portal
- Anterior Portal:
- anterior portal is usually used for introduction of instruments;
- this portal is placed under arthroscopic visualization from the posterior portal;
- the needle is placed halfway between the AC joint and the lateral aspect of the coracoid;
- this portal pierces the anterior fibers of the deltoid and enters joint in interval between the subscapularis & supraspinatus;
- the needle should be directed into the anterior triangle formed by the labrum (medial border), biceps tendon (superior border), and subscapularis (inferior border);
- some surgeons, place the needle more laterally, between the AC joint and the lateral acromial border;
- due to the thickness of the anterior soft tissues, consider use of a disposable sheath to facilitate passage of instruments;
- this sheath is usually 4.5 mm w/ a side port for inflow;
- when this portal is switched into the subacromial space, it often passes directly through the CA ligament;
- at the site of the anterior portal, the musculocutaneous nerve may be injured by medial portal placement
Arthroscopy of the shoulder: technique and normal anatomy.
A Comparison of Risk Between the Lateral Decubitus and the Beach-Chair Position When Establishing an Anteroinferior Shoulder Portal: A Cadaveric Study.
Original Text by Clifford R. Wheeless, III, MD.
Last updated by Data Trace Staff on Thursday, August 9, 2012 12:17 pm