- from Johansen, et al
Skeletal / soft-tissue injury
Low energy (stab; simple fracture; pistol gunshot wound): 1
Medium energy (open or multiple fractures, dislocation): 2
High energy (high speed MVA or rifle GSW): 3
Very high energy (high speed trauma + gross contamination): 4
Pulse reduced or absent but perfusion normal: 1*
Pulseless; paresthesias, diminished capillary refill: 2
Cool, paralyzed, insensate, numb: 3*
Systolic BP always > 90 mm Hg: 0
Hypotensive transiently: 1
Persistent hypotension: 2
< 30: 0
> 50: 2
* Score doubled for ischemia > 6 hours
Limb salvage versus amputation. Preliminary results of the Mangled Extremity Severity Score.
- in the report by Bosse, et al
(2001), the authors studied the clinical utility of five lower extremity injury-severity scoring systems;
- 546 high-energy lower-extremity injuries were prospectively evaluated with use of five injury-severity scoring systems for lower-extremity trauma designed to assist in the decision-making process for the care of patients with such injuries;
- 407 limbs remained in the salvage pathway six months after the injury;
- the analysis did not validate the clinical utility of any of the lower-extremity injury-severity scores;
- high specificity of the scores in all of the patient subgroups did confirm that low scores could be used to predict limb-salvage potential;
- the converse was not true - low sensitivity of the indices failed to support the validity of the scores as predictors of amputation.
- see tibial defect reconstruction
and amputation following tibia fractures
- A Prospective Evaluation of the Clinical Utility of the Lower-Extremity Injury-Severity Scores
Limb salvage versus amputation. Preliminary results of the Mangled Extremity Severity Score
Amputations and Artificial Limbs--Symposium: Limb Salvage Versus Amputation: Preliminary Results of the Mangled Extremity Severity Score
A Prospective Evaluation of the Clinical Utility of the Lower-Extremity Injury-Severity Scores
To Reconstruct or Not to Reconstruct?
An Analysis of Outcomes of Reconstruction or Amputation after Leg-Threatening Injuries.
Ability of Lower-Extremity Injury Severity Scores to Predict Functional Outcome After Limb Salvage