- See Superior Gluteal Artery
- inferior gluteal artery leaves pelvis below piriformis
and above superior gemelli (after passing greater sciatic foramen
- main trunk of artery is vulnerable as it emerges from beneath lower border of pirformis when pelvic fractures involve greater sciatic notch
- it spreads superiorly and sends branches to maximus
and muscles arising from the ischial tuberosity & may reach as far as lower part of the thigh;
- small branches pass medially as far as the skin over the coccyx.
- inferior gluteal branches are cut when gluteus maximus
- anastomotic branch descends across short lateral rotator muscles of hip & contributes to cruciate anastomosis
of back of thigh.
- cutaneous branches accompany radicles of posterior femoral cutaneous
nerve & an accompanying artery of sciatic nerve
Inferior Gluteal Artery (Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation)
Spontaneous gluteal artery rupture resulting in compartment syndrome and sciatic neuropathy. Report of a case in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Original Text by Clifford R. Wheeless, III, MD.