- occurs from inappropriate and excessive soft tissue inflammation to irritation of lateral nail fold;
- inciting causes include tight fitting shoes, or a sharp spike of nail against lateral nail fold;
- w/ an excessive inflammatory response, granulation tissue will grow up and over the nail;
- Preop Considerations:
Ingrowing toe nails: the extent of the germinal matrix.
Ingrowing toenails: studies of segmental chemical ablation.
The treatment of ingrowing toenails. A randomised comparison of wedge excision and phenol cauterisation.
Phenol cauterization of nail matrix remnants.