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Ingrown Toe Nail

- Discussion:
    - occurs from inappropriate and excessive soft tissue inflammation to irritation of lateral nail fold;
    - inciting causes include tight fitting shoes, or a sharp spike of nail against lateral nail fold;
    - w/ an excessive inflammatory response, granulation tissue will grow up and over the nail;
    - Preop Considerations: 


Ingrowing toe nails: the extent of the germinal matrix.

Ingrowing toenails: studies of segmental chemical ablation.

The treatment of ingrowing toenails. A randomised comparison of wedge excision and phenol cauterisation.

Phenol cauterization of nail matrix remnants.

Phenol cauterization for ingrown toenails.