- torus is derived from Latin (tori) meaning a swelling or protuberance;
- failure of cortex on compression side, 2-3 cm proximal to physis;
- torus (buckle) frxs of distal metaphysis of radius & ulna is most common frx in lower forearm in young children;
- impact of indirect violence of fall on outstretched hand crumples dorsal cortex, but the volar cortex remains intact;
- distal fragment is angulated dorsally;
- deformity should not occur in torous frx because the periosteum and cortex are intact on the side of the bone opposite to fracture;
- it is important that x-ray be carefully examined to ascertain that tension side is intact;
- if frx is not on compression side then pt has greenstick frx, not a torus frx, & frx may proceed to deform in the cast;
- consists of short arm cast for 3 weeks to make pt comfortable and to prevent further injury
The anatomy of metaphyseal torus fractures.
Original Text by Clifford R. Wheeless, III, MD.
Last updated by Data Trace Staff on Friday, January 4, 2013 11:24 am