- rare type of skeletal dypslasia characterized by extreme short limb dwarfism, with specific hand, foot, and ear abnormalities;
- micromelic short-limb dwarfism, cauliflower ears, scoliosis, hitchhiker thumbs, and clubfeet.
- these individuals have extremely short stature, with a mean adult height of 118 cm;
- condition was originally referred to as diastrophic dwarfism," which means "crooked or twisted" but was later changed
to diastrophic dysplasia in 1977;
- epiphyseal ossification is delayed, causing flattening & irregularity;
- may be related to a defect in structure or synthesis of type II collagen in the physis;
- transmitted as autosomal recessive trait (lesion lies at the distal end of the 5q chromosome);
- some patients die in infancy but most have a normal life span;
- intelligence is normal;
- Non Orthopaedic Manifestations:
- 59% of affected infants have a cleft palate;
- peculiar ear deformity, cauliflower ear, occurs later in childhood because of a cartilage abnormality;
- Orthopaedic Manifestations:
- C spine:
- cervical kyphosis
- high incidence of quadriplegia;
- hitchhiker thumb is distinctive feature of dysplasia and is caused by shortening of 1st metacarpal & radial subluxation of 1st MP
- surgical treatment is required for curves that continue to progress;
- at hip, dislocation or DJD are common sequelae of coxa vara and incongruity;
- hip flexion contracture may be seen in most patients;
- rigid bilateral equinovarus deformities of feet are typical and are extremely resistant to cast treatment;
- severe, rigid equinovarus deformity usually requires surgery;
- symphalangism of the proximal interphalangeal joints of the fingers, and an abducted "hitchhiker's" thumb are also present
Mutations in the diastrophic dysplasia sulfate transporter (DTDST) gene: correlation between sulfate transport activity and chondrodysplasia phenotype.
Disorders of the spine in diastrophic dwarfism.
The phenotipic variability of diastrophic dysplasia.
Lethal and non-lethal diastrophic dysplasia. A study of 14 Swedish cases.
Original Text by Clifford R. Wheeless, III, MD.
Last updated by Data Trace Staff on Monday, November 6, 2017 5:31 am