The Hip: Preservation, Replacement and Revision

MRI of AVN of Femoral Head



- See:
     - MRI of Hip:
     - Johns Hopkins - MRI Evaluation of AVN

- Discussion:
    - magnetic resonance imaging is probably the most accurate imaging modality for dx of AVN of femoral head;
    - MRI imaging is also used to outline the area of involvement;
    - it can show the revascularization front and provide objective evidence of changes in the tissue in response to treatment;
    - it allows sequential evaluation of asymptomatic lesions that are not yet detectable on plain radiographs;


- Classic Findings:
     - look for focal lesion in the anterosuperior portion of femoral head that is well demarcated but is inhomogeneous;
     - T1 images:
             - will show low signal intensity;
     - T2 images:
             - double line sign:
                   - classic sign of AVN;
                   - made up of 2 concentric low and high signal bands;
                   - the high-signal-intensity line may represent hypervascular granulation tissue;

                     

- Diff Dx:
    - bone marrow edema syndrome:
           - ref: Bone-marrow oedema syndrome and transient osteoporosis of the hip. An MRI-controlled study of treatment by core decompression.
    - transient regional osteoporosis:
           - T1 images: pattern of diffusely decreased signal intensity;
           - T2 images: high signal intensity which matches the T1 changes;

- False Negative Results:
    - on rare occasions, investigators have found AVN on histological exam of specimens of bone when magnetic resonance imaging was 
          negative;
    - Koo et al reported on a group of patients who had several risk factors for avascular necrosis;
          - of 136 biopsy specimens that were consistent w/ avascular necrosis, ten were assoc w/ negative magnetic resonance images


The diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging in non-traumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

Correlation of the findings of magnetic resonance imaging with those of bone biopsy in patients who have stage-I or II ischemic necrosis of the femoral head.

Evaluation of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis of Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head.  Accuracy Compared with Radiographs, Core Biopsy, and Intraosseous Pressure Measurements.

Prediction of Collapse with Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head.

Magnetic resonance imaging of the ischemic hip. Alterations within the osteonecrotic, viable, and reactive zones.

Femoral head osteonecrosis. Detection by magnetic resonance imaging versus single-photon emission computed tomography.

Histologic correlation in magnetic resonance imaging of femoral head osteonecrosis.

Femoral head osteonecrosis. Detection by magnetic resonance imaging versus single-photon emission computed tomography.

Ischemic necrosis of the femoral head. Correlation of magnetic resonance imaging and histologic sections.

Magnetic resonance imaging in the early diagnosis of ischemic necrosis of the femoral head. Preliminary results.

Histologic correlation in magnetic resonance imaging of femoral head osteonecrosis.



Original Text by Clifford R. Wheeless, III, MD.

Last updated by Data Trace Staff on Tuesday, May 22, 2012 12:24 pm