- HTN from bladder or bowel distension or from renal calculi;
- sensitivity to succinyl choline (hyperkalemia)
- increase susceptibility to pulmonary edema;
- can follow upper and lower spinal cord injuries;
- related to bladder overdistension or fecal impaction and manifests as with pounding HA, (from severe hypertension), anxiety, profuse head
and neck sweating, nasal obstruction, and blurred vision;
- urinary catheterization or rectal disimpaction and supportive treatment will usually relieve the symptoms;
- if not procardia 10mg is given SL, followed by Dibenzylene (10 mg) administered daily for prophylaxis;
- syndrome is often triggered by the stimulation of the dermatomes or muscles innervated by nerves below the spinal-cord lesion.
- treatment options include labetalol, phentolamine, and sodium nitroprusside
Original Text by Clifford R. Wheeless, III, MD.
Last updated by Data Trace Staff on Friday, September 9, 2011 11:26 am